THE B&O's Historic Mainline Routes
On February 28, 1827, the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad became the first U.S. railway chartered for commercial transport of passengers and freight and began public passenger service in 1830. America's first mile of commercial track began at Baltimore's Mt. Clare Station (current home of the B&O Railroad Museum) and headed toward Ellicott Mills (now Ellicott City), Maryland. Over the following two centuries, the B&O continued to operate famed, historic routes in 13 states. While routes did vary over time, below is an interactive map of a selection of famous routes and the historic stations they stopped at, as well as general information about each route.
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The lines on the map have been abstracted to clearly indicate the specific stops and stations served by each route and does not accurately convey the actual path of the railroad tracks. Many of these stations were demolished or converted since B&O passenger service was discontinued. If you spot inaccuracies or have more information about the exact location of any station, please contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org. Some routes added and dropped stops at various times and all images are from the B&O Railroad Museum's Hays T. Watkins Archives.